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Rafael Kubelik dirige Haydn, Schoenberg et Tchaikovski.
5 de Diapason
Diapason from June 2023
Review de Hugues Mousseau
Page No. 103
Choc de Classica
Classica from May 2023
Review de Yannick Millon
Page No. 107
Format : 2 CD Digipack
Total Time : 01:24:27

Recording : 08/09/1968
Location : Lucerne
Country : Suisse
Sound : Live / Stereo

Label : Audite
Catalog No. : AUD95745
EAN : 4022143957450
Price Code : DM022A

Publishing Year : 2022
Release Date : 14/09/2022

Genre : Classical
Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Symphonie n° 99 en mi bémol majeur, Hob I:99

Arnold Schoneberg (1874-1951)
Concerto pour piano, op. 42

Piotr Ilyitch Tchaikovski (1840-1893)
Symphonie n° 4 en fa mineur, op. 36

John Ogdon, piano
New Philharmonia Orchestra
Rafael Kubelik, direction

Rafael Kubelik aimait placer au centre de ses concerts une pièce moderne, se souvenant qu’il fut lui aussi compositeur, et il n’avait pas froid aux yeux d’oser présenter au public du Festival de Lucerne, volontiers conservateur, une œuvre aussi singulière que le Concerto pour piano de Schoenberg. John Ogdon en sera le soliste, et lequel ! Versé dans les compositions pianistiques les plus extrêmes, du Concerto de Busoni à l’Opus Clavicembalisticum de Sorabji, il entre sur les pointes dans la fausse valse qui ouvre l’œuvre, infusant partout cette poésie étrange que l’orchestre tachiste colore avec subtilité. Magnifique version d’une œuvre insaisissable dont Kubelik ne retrouvera pas à ce point le caractère comme improvisé et les contrastes diaboliques, dans son enregistrement de studio avec Alfred Brendel, postérieur de trois années. Lyrique, ombreuse, hantée, une Quatrième Symphonie de Tchaikovski délivrée de tout pathos, emplie de phrasés étonnants, d’une liberté rythmique absente de l’enregistrement de studio pour His Master’s Voice, rappelle que le génie de Rafael Kubelik s’exhaussait au concert. (Discophilia - Artalinna.com) (Jean-Charles Hoffelé)

In the summer of 1968, a few days after the brutal suppression of the "Prague Spring", the Czech émigré Rafael Kubelík conducted a gripping concert in his adopted home city of Lucerne: a Haydn Symphony, full of joie de vivre, and a passionately glowing account of Tchaikovsky's Fourth Symphony framed Schoenberg's Piano Concerto, played by the British piano legend John Ogdon in his only appearance at the Lucerne Festival. "Kubelík championed the Tchaikovsky symphony as if it were a declaration of the victory of the spirit, of freedom over all the forces of fate", commented a critic following the closing concert of the Lucerne Summer Festival in 1968. The historical parallels of the current situation with the Russian war of aggression in Ukraine are unmistakable: a few days before Rafael Kubelík's performance, the socialist reform movement in Prague was brutally crushed by the tanks of the Warsaw Pact. Kubelík, a Czech émigré who had adopted Lucerne as his new home, not only pleaded for a severance of artistic relations - an appeal which was supported by musicians such as Arthur Rubinstein, Yehudi Menuhin and Igor Stravinsky - but he also asked Lucerne concert-goers to support his "Foundation for Czechoslovak Émigrés after 21 August 1968". However, Kubelík stuck to the programme as originally planned, even though this caused controversy and was discussed in the newspapers: his dramatically pointed reading of Tchaikovsky's Fourth Symphony with strikingly abrupt changes in tempo and tone, heightening the orchestral virtuosity in the finale, is captivating and created a furore. Kubelík opened the concert with the New Philharmonia Orchestra, as the Philharmonia Orchestra temporarily called itself following secession and re-establishment, with Haydn's Symphony in E flat major, Hob. I:99. Another highlight: Schoenberg's Piano Concerto with John Ogdon as soloist, who never recorded this work. With an unerring sense for the abruptly changing characters of this music and its ongoing variational processes, Ogdon and Kubelík succeeded in creating a faithful and comprehensible interpretation. All three live recordings on this disc are first releases. The 32-page booklet in three languages provides a portrait of the conductor written by Wolfgang Stähr and also features photos from the festival archive, published here for the first time. In cooperation with audite, Lucerne Festival presents the "Historic Performances" series featuring outstanding concert recordings of artists who have shaped the festival throughout its history. The aim of this CD edition is to rediscover treasures - most of which have not been released previously - from the first six decades of the festival, which was founded in 1938 with a special gala concert conducted by Arturo Toscanini. These recordings have been made available by the archives of SRF Swiss Radio and Television, which has broadcast the Lucerne concerts from the outset. Painstakingly remastered and supplemented with photos and materials from the Lucerne Festival archive, they represent a sonic history of the festival.

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ClicMag n°119 - 10/2023
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