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Haydn : Les sept dernières paroles du Christ en Croix (version orgue). Pellizzari.
Format : 1 CD

Label : Brilliant
Catalog No. : BRIL95889
EAN : 5028421958897
Price Code : DM009A

Publishing Year : 2020
Release Date : 01/04/2020

Genre : Classical
Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Les sept dernières paroles du Christ en Croix (version pour clavier)

Guido Pellizzari, orgue
Orgue Fratelli Serassi (1837), Eglise Sainte Marie Madelaine, Desenzano del Garda, Italie

Rappelons la genèse des "Sept Dernières Paroles de notre Sauveur sur la Croix" : Haydn a raconté lui-même qu’un chanoine de Cadix lui avait commandé une œuvre orchestrale destinée à alterner, le Vendredi-Saint, avec la lecture de ces Paroles et les commentaires de l’évêque du lieu. L’œuvre connut un tel succès que la version originale pour orchestre fut aussitôt suivie d’une autre pour quatuor à cordes (réalisée par Haydn lui-même), et enfin d’une autre pour clavier (seulement approuvée par lui) selon une pratique coutumière dans l’Europe de cette époque. Par clavier, on entendait alors aussi bien l’orgue que le clavecin ou le piano. Les facteurs d’orgue italiens, espagnols, français ou anglais de la fin du XVIIIe et du XIXe siècles se vantaient souvent d’« imiter fidèlement » les timbres des instruments de l’orchestre, et y arrivèrent parfois. Mais le (très) grand orgue Serassi de 1837 utilisé dans cet enregistrement était-il l’instrument idéal pour interpréter cette œuvre ? On pourrait en douter : l’harmonie gutturale et agressive des principaux, fatigue vite l’oreille, surtout dans les innombrables notes répétées de la main gauche, et l’organiste Guido Pellizzari utilise fort peu les autres jeux (multiples flûtes et encore moins jeux d’anches solistes, cornets, etc.) Il faut attendre la courte page finale pour entendre - enfin ! - une registration « orchestrale ». Dommage : l’idée de base méritait mieux pour rendre justice à cette version pour orgue méconnue. (Jean-Paul Lécot)

Haydn’s sublime Lenten meditations in an unusual but eminently suitable arrangement for organ. In the last few decades, Haydn’s response to Passiontide has become a popular fixture in churches across the globe, most frequently heard in the arrangement he made for string quartet. Commissioned to supply music for chamber orchestra to accompany the Good Friday service at the cathedral in Cadiz on Good Friday 1786, he quickly made the quartet arrangement, doubtless with a lucrative market in mind. The letters written by Haydn to his publisher Artaria between February and June 1787 show that the arrangements for both quartet and for keyboard had their genesis during the preparation of the original orchestral version for publication. The keyboard transcription was not undertaken by Haydn himself, but he approved it for publication, and all three versions were issued by Artaria during the summer of 1787. For years the keyboard version was considered an inferior, second-hand cousin to the quartet, yet there is increasing recognition of both the keyboard version’s authenticity and also its expressive potential, in the hands of a sympathetic artist. In his autobiography, Abbé Stadler (1748-1833) relates that he was with Haydn when the commission arrived from Cadiz. ‘He also asked me what I thought of it all. I answered that it seemed to me advisable to fit over the words an appropriate melody and then to have this performed only by instruments, in which art he was in any case a master.’ Thus the headings of each movement – ‘Pater dimitte illis’ (Father, forgive them) and so on – fit the melodies like songs without words. It may seem extraordinary that in all the recordings that the Seven Last Words has received, in its various incarnations, not one has been performed on an organ. Now Guido Pellizzari fills the gap, with a new recording made on a Fratelli Serassi Organ (1837), at the Church of Santa Maria Maddalena in the Garda region of Italy. Pellizzari has chosen registrations which would have been familiar to congregations in the early decades of the 19th century. The result is a performance which fully respects the contemplative character of the cycle, while clothing it in new and idiomatic colours.

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